The History of the Doberman
The Doberman breed was developed in Germany in the late 19th century. It owes its name to a tax collector named Louis Dobermann, who lived in the district of Thuringia. His job involved moving around with money and this made him a potential target for bandits. As he was also the town dog man, Dobermann was often accompanied by a dog for protection. To have a loyal and protective companion, he began to breed dogs, until achieving the first Doberman Pinscher.
It is not known which dogs Dobermann used to create the breed, since he died in 1894 taking the secret of the crosses used with him to the grave, but it is believed that the Rottweiler, the German Pinscher and the Black and Tan Terrier are part of mix.
In the late 19th century, other breeders continued Dobermann’s work, seeking a dog that stood out more for function than appearance. They wanted to develop an exceptional dog that would stand out for its courage, speed, intelligence, and resistance. They did so well that the breed became popular for its stubborn and aggressive character. Otto Goeller was concerned with making a more rigorous morphological selection, to set a standard for the breed.
During the First World War, the breed was in danger, since the Dobermans were expensive and only the military, police and very rich people could have them. After 1921 several stallions were transferred to the United States. During World War II, the Doberman came under threat again in Germany, to the point that many believe the breed would have become extinct if Americans hadn’t brought so many dogs to the United States sooner.
In both wars, the Doberman was used to aid soldiers (and also, sadly, as suicide dogs, as they were made to carry explosives that were detonated remotely when they approached enemy tanks). The word Pinscher was dropped from the name in the 20th century.
Main characteristics of the Doberman
It is a large dog, measuring between 60 and 70 centimeters at the withers.
Their weight ranges between 30 and 40 kilos and their life expectancy is 10-12 years.
It is a stylish dog, very intelligent and loyal.
It is always alert to what is happening around it, a characteristic that makes it an excellent watchdog.
Although he has a reputation for being aggressive and bloodthirsty, the Doberman is an affectionate dog that, however, will not hesitate to defend his family and his territory against any threat. Well trained, it is a very balanced, affectionate dog that controls its impulses. The Doberman pinscher needs an experienced owner who knows how to maintain leadership, otherwise he will assume the role of alpha in the family.
It is a medium to large and very strong dog, which must be clear about its role so as not to be a problem. Well trained and socialized, it is an excellent and very reliable companion, who gets along well with children and other dogs.
What is the personality of the Doberman?
The Doberman is a highly intelligent and extremely active dog. This is a very loyal dog that you can trust blindly. He loves to play and share moments with his family. He seeks the company of his own and it is important that you include him in family activities.
It is an excellent guard dog that will not hesitate to act if it perceives a threat, but it is not a dog that shows aggression for no reason. You need to do some physical exercise. Mental stimulation is very important to this dog. As he is very intelligent, he is a fast learner and keeping training fresh and interesting can be a challenge. He needs an owner who knows how to maintain leadership consistently and with kindness. The Doberman can have ideas of his own, but he is usually not too stubborn if he has a good owner who knows how to handle him. Their temperament depends as much on their genetics as on training and socialization. Good puppies are very curious and playful. They are always willing to approach people and be petted. The Doberman Pinscher needs to be socialized at a young age, exposed to many people and stimuli, to ensure that he will grow up to be a friendly and balanced dog.
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